WISDOM TEETH PROBLEMS & EXTRACTION
Generally between the ages of 18-20 years and commonly known in the community as the wisdom teeth. The wisdom teeth are the 3 molars. It is located on the left and right of the end of the tooth array. In the evolutionary process, due to the change in the nutrients consumed by the human, the jaw structure becomes smaller and may bring some problems during the period it continues.
Easily eradicated wisdom teeth that do not cause pain or infection benefit chewing function and do not need to be removed; however, for the reasons listed below, wisdom teeth that threaten oral and dental health and cause excessive pain should be treated or withdrawn if the dentist deems appropriate.
Due to the space it creates around the wisdom teeth, which is not fully preserved, it prepares the ground for the collection of food residues more and more easily. If it is not cleaned correctly and effectively during brushing, the formation of caries is accelerated. These caries, which do not develop complaints immediately and are not easily noticed, facilitate the decay of the molar teeth and the formation of gum diseases alongside the wisdom teeth. To prevent all this, the wisdom teeth must be extracted.
Infection can develop in the gums due to the inability to remove the food residues around the wisdom teeth which has not yet been fully maintained. The infection may be accompanied by bad breath, pain, edema, and restricted mouth and cheek movements. In this case, first of all, medical treatment is applied to prevent the spreading of the palate and neck to the cheeks. After the removal of the lower wisdom teeth, the upper healthy wisdom teeth may cause biting-chewing problems and gum infections by pressing on the lower molars. It may also need to be withdrawn to prevent foreseeable complications. It should be kept in mind that if the patient would prefer to treat only the infection rather than having the tooth removed, the area of interest can always be easily inflamed and the problem may recure frequently.
After the orthodontic treatment by attaching a bracket to remove the impurities in the teeth, the buried wisdom teeth will start to apply pressure to the other teeth in order to make room for itself. Therefore, wisdom teeth may have to be pulled out before the brackets are installed.
The buried wisdom teeth lying horizontally under the gum can press the molar tooth next to it. Continuation of pressure causes irritation of soft tissue between two teeth and development of infection. Horizontally embedded wisdom teeth sliding towards the adjacent tooth can damage not only the gum but also the healthy tooth. Severe pain and swelling of the affected area, the symptoms of a horizontally embedded wisdom teeth will stop the complaints and prevent recurrence.
Often between the ages of 18-20 years of age, wisdom teeth varying from person to person can be applied at later ages. It can be seen after the age 60, without any complaints Therefore, the wisdom teeth should be extracted before prosthesis planning is performed; gums and jawbone should be protected against problems that may develop.
It is observed that a buried wisdom teeth rarely causes cyst formation. Unrecognized and asymptomatic cysts can cause damage to healthy teeth and even displace teeth. In this case, in order to prevent complications and to maintain dental-jaw health, the cyst formed should be completely cleaned and the embedded wisdom teeth should be extracted.